Revealing paragraph towards the end of the article:
"Arias, explained that the resolution was adopted under the U.N. Charter's Chapter VII which gives the measure not only the weight of international law, but can be backed up with the use of force."
U.N. to appoint counter-terrorism czar
By William M. Reilly
UPI United Nations Correspondent
UNITED NATIONS, March 26 (UPI) -- In a bid to revitalize the U.N. Security Council's Counter Terrorism Committee, the panel Friday approved a resolution establishing an office to oversee its efforts and an executive director to run it.
Committee Chairman Inocencio Arias, Spain's ambassador to the United Nations and the man behind the plan, saw the role not as a counter-terrorism czar, but more akin to being "a Mr. Blix of terrorism," referring to the retired chief U.N. weapons inspector for the U.N. Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission for Iraq, Hans Blix.
The council resolution unanimously passed Thursday sees the CTC made up of a plenary comprising the Security Council's 15 member states. They will focus on strategy and policy decisions. After that would come a secretariat of the committee's chair and vice-chairs, which will have a consolidated expert and staff, known as the Counter Terrorism Executive Directorate and an executive director to run it.
U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan now has 45-days to appoint an executive director to run the CTED, who in turn will have 30 days to come up with a plan of action.
The whole idea of the CTC in the first place, Arias explained to reporters, "was to make members of the United Nations accommodate legislation" to fight terrorism and to push them to ratify the conventions and protocols that deal with terrorism.
The CTC was established about two weeks after the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks in the United States.
"The committee is doing a decent job," he said, "but after several months of my presidency (chairmanship), I reached the conclusion, shared by members of the committee, that the committee needed to be revitalized."
Arias said the resolution first wants to reinforce cooperation and technical assistance to governments that need it.
"A lot of states want to fulfill their obligations, to comply with the resolution, but they don't have the means," he said. "The second is to make the committee more agile, more operative, more efficient."
He said whoever gets the post, "should have, in my opinion, the status, the clout and visibility in order to carry out the resolution, in order to make the work of the committee more agile."
That person, said Arias, will focus on which states do or do not need technical assistance.
The executive director would then report the results to the Arias panel.
"He will inform the committee and the committee will inform the council," said Madrid's envoy.
"We are trying to make the committee operative because the United Nations cannot remain passive or cannot play a secondary role in such a big threat as terrorism in the beginning of the 21st century" the envoy added.
About 50 countries have not answered queries in the allotted time, Arias said.
"Most of them are not doing it because they don't have the means or we asked them too many questions and they don't know how to do it," he said.
Arias envisages that with an executive director, in a few months the committee "should find out if it is a lack of means or a lack of will."
The resolution contains a "sunset clause" for the CTED, set for Dec. 31, 2007, and calls for a comprehensive review of the directorate by Dec. 31, 2005, to enhance the committee's ability to monitor implementation of the original resolution and "effectively continue the capacity-building work in which it is engaged."
Arias was of the opinion the executive director "name names and to say, 'I have reached the conclusion that this country is not complying with the resolution because they do not want to comply with it or they couldn't care less' and that is very serious."
The envoy was asked if states would be publicly named and shamed.
"Yes, of course, publicly," he replied. "The committee will have to take it to the Security Council."
Arias, explained that the resolution was adopted under the U.N. Charter's Chapter VII which gives the measure not only the weight of international law, but can be backed up with the use of force.
"This is a very serious matter and all states are bound to it," he said. "So I have the feeling that most of them it's just a technical question not political will, but if it is political will, we will have to name them. This is no time for games, with terrorism."
Asked if the executive director could be completely, politically, independent, Arias, Asked, "Was Mr. Blix independent?"
Blix was steadfast in keeping his reports objective, despite claims by any country in the Iraq debate to the contrary.
"My dream is to have a Mr. Blix for terrorism," the ambassador said.
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